The Judgment of the International Court of Justice ( ICJ ) In the Hague on 15 June 1962
by nine votes to three,
finds that the Temple of Preah Vihear is situated in territory under the sovereignty of Cambodia;
finds in consequence,
by nine votes to three,
that Thailand is under an obligation to withdraw any military or police forces, or other guards or keepers, stationed by her at the Temple, or in its vicinity on Cambodian territory;
by seven votes to five,
that Thailand is under an obligation to restore to Cambodia any objects of the kind specified in Cambodia's fifth Submission which may, since the date of the occupation of the
Temple by Thailand in 1954, have been removed from the Temple or the Temple area by the Thai authorities.
Request for interpretation of the Judgment of 15 June 1962 in the case concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia v. Thailand) (Cambodia v. Thailand) - Order - Request for the Indication of Provisional Measures
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|Commentary: THE INDICATION FOR PROVISIONAL MEASURES: A GOOD START!|
The decision has been made by the International Court of Justice on 18 July 2011, in the case of the request of the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) for provisional measures prior to the judgment of the interpretation of the Judgment of the 15 June 1962 in the case concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear.
It created a provisional demilitarized zone (PDMZ) around the Temple of Preah Vihear, as shown in the sketch-map of the PDMZ identified by the Court. This PDMZ shall be delimited by straight lines connecting the following points, the co-ordinates of which are calculated on the basis of the WGS 84 system: point A, situated at latitude 14º 23' N and longitude 104º 41' E; point B, situated at latitude 14º 24' N and longitude 104º 38' 15" E; point C, situated at latitude 14º 25' N and longitude 104º 38' 40" E; and point D, situated at latitude 14º 25' N and longitude 104º 42' 20" E.
It ordered the immediate withdrawal of Thai and Cambodian military personnel from the PDMZ; both parties shall refrain from any military presence within that zone and from any armed activity directed at that zone.
It ordered Thailand not to obstruct Cambodia’s free access to the Temple of Preah Vihear or Cambodia’s provision of fresh supplies to its non-military personnel in the Temple.
It ordered the continuation of cooperation of Cambodia and Thailand with ASEAN.
It ordered Thailand and Cambodia to refrain from any action which might aggravate or extend the dispute before the court or make it more difficult to resolve.
It ordered Thailand and Cambodia to inform the Court as to its compliance with the above decision.
The RGC “fully supports the Order of the ICJ and calls for the Indonesian observers to carry out their mission as soon as possible in the PDMZ,” said the Statement of the Royal Government of Cambodia, 18 July 2011.
On the Thai side, the Bangkok Post reported outgoing Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva as saying: "The ruling is a temporary provisional measure and it will not have a binding commitment to Thai sovereignty and the ruling does not place Thailand at a disadvantage."
What the soon outgoing Thai Prime Minister should carefully read the ICJ Ruling is that "Order indicating provisional measures had binding effect and thus created international legal obligations with which both parties were required to comply".
In summary, the Order for provisional measures is a good start for Cambodian and Thai people!
Press and Quick Reaction Unit (PRU)
20 July 2011